The Holy Spirit and David
The Psalms. The Greek word "psamoi" means songs of praise. Literally the Psalms are poems put to music. Nearly every Bible reading or study plan includes one Psalm per day no matter where else we are reading. When I need to just be comforted, when I need to be inspired, when I need to just read and worship God, I head to the Psalms. The Psalms inspire me just as they have inspired countless millions of Christians over the ages. We know that the Holy Spirit inspired all scripture as Paul tells us in 2 Tim 3:16 All Scripture is God-breathed and is useful for teaching, rebuking, correcting and training in righteousness,
We know for sure that David wrote at least 73 of the 150 Psalms. A hand full of others wrote 27 more of them. There are 50 Psalms that are anonymous but many theologians believe that David most likely penned many if not all of those a well. David is the person most associated with the Psalms. There is good reason for this. More than any other person in scripture, God used David to teach us how to materialize our worship. We already talked about David being one of those people in the old testament that had the Holy Spirit on him for more than just a short time. In fact as we will see David did have the Spirit with him for most of his life. Let's look at how the Holy Spirit was given to him......
Let's turn to 1 Samuel. We'll start with Saul. Saul became the King of Israel 1050 years before Christ was born. 400 years after the exodus. Saul was a very tall and handsome man. In fact Saul was apparently the tallest man in all of Israel at that time. 1Samuel 9:2 says that Saul was...
a choice young man and handsome; among all the Israelites there was not a man more handsome than he. He was a head taller than any of the people.
I got a chuckle when I was studying this in the KJ. Verse 2 in the KJ says that...
from his shoulders and upward he was higher than any of the people.
Saul initially served and pleased God but Saul became a impatient man and self serving man. Saul began to want things more Saul's way than God's way. That hits pretty close to home doesn't it? Samuel was the high priest at that time. In 1Samuel 15, God sent Samuel to Saul with instructions to go to war against the Amalekites. Samuel specifically told Saul to destroy everything. Take no prisoners and no spoil. 1 Samuel 15:3 says...
Now go, attack the Amalekites and totally destroy everything that belongs to them. Do not spare them; put to death men and women, children and infants, cattle and sheep, camels and donkeys.
Basically every single person and every single thing was to be destroyed but this is not what Saul did. He spared the Amalekite king, Agag and kept for himself the best of the cattle and the sheep and such. In verse 10-11 we see that God told Samuel that He was grieved that He had made Saul king. Samuel goes to meet with Saul but finds that he has gone to Carmel to set up a monument in his own honor. This hits close to home too. How many times has God been seeking us only to find us somewhere other than where we are supposed to be setting up a monument to ourselves. Wow. This obviously is not what Samuel of God had in mind. Samuel finally catches up with Saul and tells him that God has rejected him as king.
God had decided to anoint a new king. In chapter 16 God told Samuel that the new King would be one of Jesse's 8 sons. There would be a feast so Samuel could see Jesse's sons and anoint the one that God would show him but this would be done in secret from Saul. Let's look at...
1 The LORD said to Samuel, "How long will you mourn for Saul, since I have rejected him as king over Israel? Fill your horn with oil and be on your way; I am sending you to Jesse of Bethlehem. I have chosen one of his sons to be king."
Interesting that the Lord didn't just say, "Go here and anoint this person to be the next king". But if He had done that then what lesson would we have learned? And so it was. Jesse came and brought his son's for Samuel to see. In verse 6 Samuel meets the oldest, Eliab.
6 When they arrived, Samuel saw Eliab and thought, "Surely the LORD's anointed stands here before the LORD ."
Even Samuel thought he knew what the Lord wanted without consulting Him. Just because Eliab was tall he assumed that he was the one that God had chosen. Verse 7 speaks volumes. "Do not consider his appearance or his height, for I have rejected him. The LORD does not look at the things man looks at. Man looks at the outward appearance, but the LORD looks at the heart."
God was telling Samuel, "Your natural inclination is to only judge on outward appearance. But I can judge the heart that you can't see. So look to Me, and don't be so quick to judge a person only on their outward appearance." Is there a lesson there for any of us? I know there is for me. Samuel needed to know his natural inclination was to judge only on outward appearance, but he didn't have to give into it. Every one of us should seek the LORD and seek God's heart and mind when looking at people. How much different would the world be...how much different would this church be, if we would only seek God's heart?
After all that Jesse had brought had been presented, Samuel knew that the new king was not among them. Look at verse 11....
11 So he asked Jesse, "Are these all the sons you have?"
Jesse says this is all his son's but the youngest. David was not held in high enough esteem by his father to even mention him by name let alone to be invited to the feast. There was David, keeping the sheep. Doing what his father had told him to do. He was just doing his job, being faithful in the small things. In verses 12-13 we see that David is the one.
12 So he sent and had him brought in. He was ruddy(fair complected), with a fine appearance and handsome features.
The amplified bible says...
the Spirit of the Lord came mightily upon David from that day forward.
The same Spirit that lives inside of us. The same Spirit that can and will do the same thing in us if we are willing to let Him.
After David's anointing he began writing the Psalms. Some 40 years after his anointing, Saul died and David became king. Two Psalms that David wrote that deal with the Holy Spirit are Psalm 51 and Psalm 139. We looked at pieces of these 2 Psalms when these lessons began. In Psalm 51 he begs the Lord not to take the Holy Spirit away from him after he committed adultery with Bathsheba. Matter of fact he actually killed her husband to try and cover it up. Let's read Psalm 51 ....
1 Have mercy on me, O God,
Let's look a bit more in depth at Psalm 139.....
1 O LORD , you have searched me
5 You hem me in-behind and before;
To me this is all Holy Spirit stuff. This is what the Holy Spirit does in every one of us today. Let's break down the meaning of some specific verses...
1 O LORD , you have searched me
5 You hem me in-behind and before;
Sometimes we don't let people get to know us completely because we are afraid they will discover something about us they won't like. But God already knows everything about us...everything, and He still accepts and loves us. The Holy Spirit is with us through every situation, in every trial, in every problem protecting, loving, guiding. he knows and loves us completely.
7 Where can I go from your Spirit?
The Holy Spirit is everywhere. He is with and will be with us no matter what. Thanks to Jesus, the Holy Spirit can never be taken away from us. Never. No matter where we go or what we do, we will never be separated from Him.
13 For you created my inmost being;
We already studied that the Holy Spirit's character went into the creation of every single person. When you feel worthless or even begin to hate yourself, remember that The Holy Spirit is ready and willing to work within you. When God made you, He made a wonderful thing whether you realize it right now or not. You are a magnificent creation, madea be an even more magnificent god. We've all heard a thousand times that God does not make mistakes. Guess what? He doesn't, so the way you are made is exactly the way God intended you to be made. Do not dishonor God by disrespecting yourself. We should have as much respect for our selves as God has for us.
I almost left these verses out of this lesson. They are so contrary to what we are taught in the new testament about loving our enemies but David's anger toward his enemies is something that we can learn from as well. His hatred for his enemies came from his love for God. So his hatred was a desire for God's righteous justice and not for personal vengeance. Does that hit close to home like some of these other things have? It does for me. Can we be angry with people that hate us or hate God? Yes, but we must remember that it is God who will deal with them, not us. If we truly love God, then we will leave that part up to Him. We must put personal vengeance and personal grudges aside and know that God will deal with these people in His own way and in His own time. We have to remember that we need to pray for those doing evil to turn to Him before they are judged.
David asked God to search for sin in his heart. That is what the Holy Spirit does in us now. How are we to recognize sin unless the Spirit points it out? When you feel convicted, it's the Spirit doing the convicting. I used to feel bad about feelings of conviction because I had sinned. I don't feel that way any more. I am joyful when the Spirit convicts me because I know it is God loving me and guiding me and grooming me to be more like Jesus when He convicts me. After we realize our sin, The Spirit shows us we can repent and be forgiven. These verses should be one's that you have in your heart.
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